The internet, perhaps the most incredible communications medium ever created, is fast becoming the nervous system of the 21st century. But right now its primary business function is to gather data about us, to categorise and sort us, to machine learn our most intimate secrets, all so that marketers can craft advertisements designed to extract as much money out of us as possible.
Essentially, TISA allows a service supplier to store personal information whenever they want, for whatever reason they desire and keep it as long as they want. There is no national law to prevent or restrict the storing of this information.
On Christmas Eve, the NSA released 12 years worth of internal reports that included information revealing they illegally withheld reports and were the subject of a FOIA lawsuit in 2009.
According to Bloomberg:
The heavily-redacted reports include examples of data on Americans being e-mailed to unauthorized recipients, stored in unsecured computers and retained after it was supposed to be destroyed, according to the documents. They were posted on the NSA’s website at around 1:30 p.m. on Christmas Eve.
In a 2012 case, for example, an NSA analyst “searched her spouse’s personal telephone directory without his knowledge to obtain names and telephone numbers for targeting,” according to one report. The analyst “has been advised to cease her activities,” it said.
The NSA released the documents in response to an ACLU lawsuit.
In the FY2006 1Q page 8 section c, there is this bit of information:
(TS//SI//NF) As a result of receiving advanced training on USSID SP0018 and associated SIGINT directives, an NSA intern reported that a co-worker had misused the SIGINT system to target his foreign girlfriend [REDACTED]. The OIG is investigating the alleged violation and will report the outcome of the inquiry.
If agents are so easily corruptible that they are willing to track people illegally because of a personal interest, what else are they willing to do?
If you read in between the redactions, what you’re seeing is the processes of handling database queries that are scraping information they shouldn’t.
The heavily redacted reports are available in multiple PDFs on the NSA website.
Professor Laura Pinto, a digital technology professor at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology, says that there might be something more to that elf sitting on your child’s shelf each night.
In her paper, Who’s the Boss, published by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, Laura Pinto argues Santa’s spying little helper “sets up children for dangerous, uncritical acceptance of power structures.”
Based on a modern-day Christmas fairy tale, the Elf on the Shelf takes up residence in children’s homes for the month of December. Each night, it flies back to the North Pole to update Santa, a.k.a. “the boss,” on the kids’ activities, both “naughty” and “nice.”
“You’re teaching (kids) a bigger lesson, which is that it’s OK for other people to spy on you and you’re not entitled to privacy,” she told the Star. And while it might be done in the spirit of fun, she said the messaging could be problematic down the road. She likened the relationship between elf, “an external form of non-familial surveillance,” and children to state and citizen.
“If you grow up thinking it’s cool for the elves to watch me and report back to Santa, well, then it’s cool for the NSA to watch me and report back to the government.”
Pinto isn’t the only one who’s worried about the elf.
Emma Waverman, a blogger with Today’s Parent, is also unimpressed with the elf.
“It’s a little creepy, this idea that this elf is watching you all the time,” she said. But her main beef is the use of a threat — not getting presents — to produce good behaviour.
“It makes the motivation to behave something that’s external,” she said. “If I’m not around or if the elf is not around, do they act crazy?”
Psychotherapist and parenting expert Alyson Schafer took a similar position; the Elf on the Shelf is an extension of the “naughty or nice list,” she said.
“Someone’s commercializing on confused parents who will just do anything that feels good if they think they can get their kid to act better.”
While some people don’t think the elf is that big of a deal and is just a nice Christmas gift, combining the elf with other surveillance tools children also encounter, such as tracking at school, it’s another small piece that conditions children to not question authority and forces them to live with the possibility of being in trouble when not conforming to what authority figures say is correct behavior.